The following are generally recognized as the most common factors associated with preterm birth, or when a baby is born too early, usually defined as before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

Many factors can be avoided, like avoiding tobacco, alcohol or high-stress. Others are unavoidable, like race or prior preterm birth. Learn more by contacting Panhandle OBGYN.

Social, Personal and Economic Factors

  • Low or high maternal age.
  • Ethnicity
  • Low maternal income or socioeconomic status

Medical and Pregnancy Factors

  • Infection
  • Prior preterm birth
  • Carrying more than 1 baby (twins, triplets, or more.)
  • High blood pressure during pregnancy

Behavioral Factors

  • Tobacco and alcohol use
  • Substance abuse
  • Late prenatal care
  • Stress